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Earthworms Detoxify Pesticides From Soil at Significant Cost
Researchers note that previous studies have found that 70 percent of fungicides do not reach the target crop, eventually leading to residual compounds in the soil …


Earthworms Detoxify Pesticides From Soil at Significant Cost

Researchers note that previous studies have found that 70 percent of fungicides do not reach the target crop, eventually leading to residual compounds in the soil …




Dallas settles for $1.1 million in false arrest case

The City of Dallas gave $1.1 million to Ronald Jones on Wednesday for his claims that he was beaten and falsely arrested by Dallas police  — and then spent 15 months in jail as a result.

On December 18, 2009, Dallas police got a call of two white men fighting in downtown Dallas.

But then Dallas police Officer Matthew Antkowiak saw Jones — who is African-American — crossing Reunion Boulevard.

"Mr. Jones is walking down the street. Doesn’t fit the description at all," said his attorney, Don Tittle.

The officer claimed Jones was throwing beer cans, so he pulled him over to arrest him.

"From there, he pulls one of Mr. Jones’ arms up very aggressively and Mr. Jones turns around to see what is going on and why was he being placed under arrest, and from there it goes,” Tittle said.

The officer took Jones to the ground and hit him a few times. The two struggled as more officers arrived.

Two dash camera videos obtained by News 8 show multiple officers on top of Jones; one officer is seen kicking him several times.

Jones’ attorney [said] his the 62-year-old client was crying for help.

In his report, Officer Antkowiak stated that Jones “…took his right hand and grabbed the officer by his throat, choking him and lifting him off the ground.”

But take a closer look at the dash camera video; it’s Antkowiak who is on top of Jones, choking him.

In his official report, Officer Antkowiak also claimed that Jones “kicked him in the testicles and groin area, while still choking him.”

But that never happens on video.

Jones’ attorney says on the second dash camera video, the officer is asked to turn off the camera. Then the officers said they found a crack pipe and claimed Jones was intoxicated.

Jones was arrested for aggravated assault of a police officer and spent 15 months in jail until his attorney started requesting the dash camera videos as evidence.

Had the videos not surfaced, it’s likely that Mr. Jones would have been convicted of this and served a very long prison sentence,” Tittle said.

On the day Jones’ case was set to go to trial, the district attorney dropped the charges.

Nearly two years after the incident, the police department finally opened internal affairs and criminal investigations into the officers involved in this incident.

Antkowiak resigned; the other officers were cleared. Chief David Brown told News 8 they could not find evidence of excessive force, and he said Antkowiak suffered a concussion during the struggle and had to be hospitalized.

Still — faced with the facts in the case — the city gave Jones more than a million dollars in his lawsuit against the officers.

"He spent 15 months in jail for something he clearly didn’t do," Tittle said. "I doubt money would make up for that."

Chief Brown stressed the city settled because focus groups told them they would lose the case.

Brown also said since this happened, he has enacted stricter policies on how investigations like this are handled. He also says he is disciplining officers more who violate the department’s rules and cross over the line.

Police brutality, institutionalized racism, falsified reports, trumped up charges, man spends over a year in the system, officers “cleared” of wrong-doing, and taxpayers on the hook for the settlement. Ho-hum.

(via deadwicked)

…the three largest sectors of global foreign trade are in drugs, illegal guns and human trafficking.
How'd you get so interested in science?
wespeakfortheearth wespeakfortheearth Said:


A mix of being curious and asking myself a lot of questions and realizing I’m a part of a disenfranchised group of people that is constantly being tricked, used, exploited due to our lack of resources and support by the institutional and systemic powers making it harder to make informed decisions. It gave me an urge from personal, economic, social needs and interest to learn more and more how to become self reliant, efficient, use scientific literacy to my benefit and those around me, making it harder for these systems and institutions to trick, exploit or use me or my loved ones.


The 4 Herb Ojibwa Mix

Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) [Images 1 and 2]

Carotenoids, a component of Sheep Sorrel, are present at a concentration of approximately 8 - 12%. Beta carotene (a strong antioxidant member of the carotenoids) is converted to Vitamin A in the liver. Vitamin A has been shown to strengthen the immune system by aiding production of white blood cells. White blood cells are what attack many of the body’s harmful intruders, including cancer.

Sheep Sorrel is rich in Vitamin A, B complex, C, D, K, and E. Its minerals include significant levels of calcium, iron, magnesium, silicon, sulphur, zinc, maganese, iodine, and copper.

Sheep Sorrel is also rich in chlorophyll, which increases oxygen content in the blood. High levels of blood oxygen can increase the body’s action against many invasive conditions. Research at the Linus Pauling Institute and a M.D. Anderson Cancer Hospital has shown chlorophyll enhances the body’s immunity against certain carcinogens (cancer-causing substances) and has been shown to strengthen the immune system. According to these studies, it appears to be effective against chromosome damage — which is considered to be a precursor to cancer.

Sheep Sorrel is rich in potassium oxalate. It aids digestion, and has been reported to relieve stomach hemorrhage and jaundice.

Burdock Root (Arctium lappa) [Images 3 and 4]

This herb is the best known for its beneficial effect on the skin. It increases circulation to the skin and helps to detoxify (cleanse) the epidermal tissues. Many users report exceptional beauty and glow of the skin from its use.

"Some of the conditions which may benefit from the root are: psoriasis, eczema, acne, boils, sties, carbuncles, ulcers of the stomach…" Similar to garlic, the root has been reported to destroy bacteria and fungus cultures. Anti-tumor properties have also been noted. Nagoya University researchers in Japan found that the root helps reduce cell mutations.

Another beneficial feature of this root is its action as a “blood purifier.” This term means the formula helps eliminate toxins for the blood and lymphatic system. Its action is also reported to work on the respiratory and urinary systems. The liver, gall bladder, kidneys, and digestive system benefit from the properties of Burdock Root. It may also help with elimination of excess fluids from the body.

Burdock Root is rich in vitamins B-complex and E. Its trace minerals include potassium, phosphorous, chromium, cobalt, iron, magnesium, silicon, zinc and sodium.

Because of its diuretic action, conditions of arthritis, rheumatism, and sciatia may be improved. Many users report a rapid decrease in swollen ankles even if the condition hasn’t responded well to other treatments.

Burdock Root contains inulin (not to be confused with insulin) which helps regulate sugar (glucose) in metabolism. Diabetics may be helped and Inulin has also been shown to possess exceptional restorative properties. It increases immunity by improving the efficiency of white blood cells.

Slippery Elm Bark (Ulmus fulva) [Images 5 and 6]

This herb’s main constituent is mucilage. Mucilage is a gum dissolved in the bark’s juices.

This material has extraordinary cleansing properties. It has been reported to reduce the pain of ulcers—the mucilage coats any area it passes through. Slippery Elm Bark has a lubricating property which helps protect membranes linings and joints.

Relief of inflamed areas is commonly reported. An antibiotic and anti-microbial effect has also been reported along with an ability to remove toxins from the body.

Turkey Rhubarb Root (Rheum palmatum) [Images 7 and 8]

This root has been used in China for more than 2,000 years! Turkey Rhubarb has impressive detoxifying properties, especially for the liver.

The root also has antibiotic, anti-microbial, and anti-tumor properties. Although the original formula called for Indian Rhubarb Root (Rheum officianale), that particular variety typically can’t be obtained in the USA without chemical contamination. Turkey Rhubarb is a good substitute.

Herbalists theorize that the synergistic interaction of herbal ingredients is the cause for the effectiveness of the Ojibwa tea, "this remedy has anticancer and antiviral properties. It eliminates the pathogens with nontoxic virucides; repairs the liver, pancreas, and kidneys; detoxifies the body by ridding it of metabolic wastes; increases cellular metabolism by normalizing the blood chemistry- rebuilds the immune system and T-cells by regulating the hormonal balance".

The Known Therapeutic and Beneficial Activities Associated with The Ojibwa 4 Herb Mix:

- 1. Prevents the buildup of excess fatty deposit in artery walls, heart, kidney, and liver.

- 2. Regulates cholesterol levels by transforming sugar and fat into energy.

- 3. Destroys parasites in the digestive system and throughout the body.

- 4. Counteracts the effects of aluminum, lead and mercury poisoning.

- 5. Strengthens and tightens muscles, organs, and tissues.

- 6. Makes bones, joints, ligaments, and membranes strong and flexible, less vulnerable to stress and stress injuries.

- 7. Nourishes and stimulates the brain and nervous system.

- 8. Promotes the absorption of fluids in the tissues.

- 9. Removes toxic accumulation in the fat, lymph, bone marrow, bladder and alimentary canals.

- 10. Neutralizes acids, absorbs toxins in the bowels and eliminates both.

- 11. Clears the respiratory channels by dissolving and expelling mucus.

- 12. Relieves the liver of its burden of detoxification by converting fatty toxins into water soluble substances that can then be easily eliminated by the kidneys.

- 13. Assists the liver to produce lecithin, which forms myelin sheath, a white fatty material that encloses the nerve fibers.

- 14. Reduces, perhaps eliminates heavy metal deposits in tissues (especially those surrounding the joints) to reduce inflammation and stiffness.

- 15. Increases the functions of the pancreas and spleen by increasing the effectiveness of insulin.

- 16. Purifies the blood.

- 17. Increases red cell production, and keeps them from rupturing.

- 18. Increases the body’s ability to utilize oxygen by raising the oxygen level in the tissue cells.

- 19. Maintains the balance between potassium and sodium within the body so that the fluid inside and outside each cell is regulated; in this way, cells are nourished with nutrients and also cleansed.

- 20. Converts calcium and potassium into a harmless form by making them solvent in the urine. Regulates the amount of oxalic acid delivered to the kidneys, thus reducing the risk of stone formation in the gall bladder, kidneys, or urinary tract.

- 21. Protects against toxins entering the brain.

- 22. Protects the body against radiation and X-rays.

- 23. Relieves pain, increases appetite, and provides more energy with a sense of well being.

- 24. Speeds up wound healing by regenerating the damaged area.

- 25. Increases the production of antibodies like lymphocytes and T-cells in the thymus gland, which is the defender of our immune system.

- 26. Inhibits and possibly destroys benign growths and tumors.

- 27. Protects the cells against free radicals.


- Castleman, Michael. THE HEALING HERBS. Rodale Press Emmaus, PA 18098. 1991.

- Culpeper, Nicholas. CULPEPER’S COLOR HERBAL. Serling Publishing, Inc., 2 Park Avenue, New York, NY, 10016. 1983.

- Grieve, Maude. A MODERN HERBAL. Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY, 10014. 1982

- Hutchens, Alma R. INDIAN HERBOLOBY OF NORTH AMERICA. Shambhala Publications, Inc., 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115. 1973.

- Kloss, Jethro. BACK TO EDEN. Woodbridge Press Publishing Company, P.O. Box 6189, Santa Barbara, CA 93111. 1972

- Levy, Juliette de Bairacli. COMMON HERBS FOR NATURAL HEALTH. Schocken Paperback Books, 200 Madison Ave., New York., NY 10016. 1974

- Lust, John. THE HERB BOOK. Benedict Lust Publications, 490 Easy Street, Sini Valley, CA 93065. 1974.

- Martin, Alexander C. WEEDS. Golden Press. New York, NY 1972. Meyer, Clarence. THE HERBALIST. Meyerbooks, P.O. Box 427, 235 W. Main Street, Glenwood, Illinois 60425. 1976

- Mitchell, B, THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF HERBS AND HERBALISM. Mac Donald and Company (Publishers) Ltd., London NWI. 1979. Reprinted for W. H. Smith (Canada) Ltd. 1987.

- Tierra, Michael. THE WAY OF HERBS. Pocket Books, 1230 Avenue of th Americas, New York, NY 10020. 1983.


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"Race doesn’t matter!" , "Isn’t science just science?! why bring race into it!!", "It is not about the colour of skin!" meanwhile in the real world:

Is There a Bias Against Black Scientists? Funding Sparse for Minority Researchers

Black researchers and other minorities face nearly insurmountable barriers against career success, according to new research.

A February 2014 article in the Journal of Career Development details the work experiences of minority researchers in the social sciences.

Rebecca R. Kameny of the 3-C Institute for Social Development in North Carolina, directed the study, which collected data from people of color who attended a workshop on the topic of career barriers.

An astounding 72 percent of participants reported encountering workplace barriers due to their race or ethnicity.

Racism: A Sad History

Bias against minority researchers is not a new subject. In 2011, Donna K. Ginthner and her associates published a study about the NIH and grants to minority researchers. (The NIH, or National Institute of Health, is a government agency that serves as one of the prime supporters of scientific research.)

The Ginther study examined the rates at which grants were given to 83,000 researchers. Unfortunately, they found that the funding agency is biased against African Americans who submitted grant applications. According to the study, blacks are 13% less likely than equally-qualified white candidates to receive funding that is initiated by an NIH investigator.

The study’s writers explained that the researchers’ race is not always written on the application, but the applications’ reviewers could infer race from the applicants’ names and places of study. Without receiving federal funding, a researcher is less likely to receive a teaching position, less likely to be given tenure, and has more difficulty procuring funding to produce research and publish in scholarly journals. Ultimately, the repercussions of grant refusal are reflected in the face of academia.

When the study was published, the director of the NIH noted that the data is troubling and the situation is unacceptable. The NIH launched a $500 million, 10-year program to support young minorities in science. It is also considering changing its review process to review grant proposals anonymously to prevent this issue in the future.

Bias Against Blacks: Misinterpreted Data?

A 2013 study published in the Journal of Informetrics, however, contradicts the premise of bias against black researchers. The study, led by Jiansheng Yang of Virginia Tech, paints a different picture, concluding that the NIH review process contains no inherent racial bias.

Yang and his associates reviewed the work of 40 black faculty members and 80 white faculty members at U.S. medical schools. They assessed the scientists’ productivity, based on the number of publications they wrote, their role on each paper, and the prominence of the journals in which they published. Overall, Wang’s team found that the black faculty members were less productive than their white colleagues.

The researchers then reviewed the work of 11 of those black researchers and 11 of those white researchers who had received NIH funding. When they compared blacks and whites who had the same level of productivity, they found that people of both races received the same level of NIH funding. Wang concluded that funding is determined by level of success, and not by race.

Not Apples to Apples

Ginther, who found ample evidence of the NIH’s racial bias, argued in Science that Wang did not study the same aspects of the process that she did, so he cannot refute her claim. She noted that Wang’s study examined only a small number of researchers, and also looked only at how much funding they received, instead of whether they had a chance of receiving funding in the first place.

Ginther also noted that the black scientists’ lower level of productivity pointed to their difficulty in receiving positive mentoring, which is a further function of bias.

Discrimination is Not Dead

It seems that a majority of African Americans would agree with Ginther’s point about bias. A 2013 Pew Research study about discrimination in America found that a full 88% of blacks reported that there is discrimination against blacks. 46 % believe that there is a lot of discrimination, and the rest report feeling some discrimination.

Interestingly, white Americans agree that blacks are discriminated against, but to a lesser degree. Only 16% of whites feel that there is a lot of discrimination, but 41% sense some discrimination.

Regardless of percentages and perceptions, race-based barriers to success have no place in academia or the workplace.


Ibn al-Haytham: The Muslim Scientist Who Birthed the Scientific Method

If asked who gave birth to the modern scientific method, how might you respond? Isaac Newton, maybe? Galileo? Aristotle?

A great many students of science history would probably respond, “Roger Bacon.” An English scholar and friar, and a 13th century pioneer in the field of optics, he described, in exquisite detail, a repeating cycle of observation, hypothesis, and experimentation in his writings, as well as the need for independent verification of his work.

But dig a little deeper into the past, and you’ll unearth something that may surprise you: The origins of the scientific method hearken back to the Islamic World, not the Western one. Around 250 years before Roger Bacon expounded on the need for experimental confirmation of his findings, an Arab scientist named Ibn al-Haytham was saying the exact same thing.

Little is known about Ibn al-Haytham’s life, but historians believe he was born around the year 965, during a period marked as the Golden Age of Arabic science. His father was a civil servant, so the young Ibn al-Haytham received a strong education, which assuredly seeded his passion for science. He was also a devout Muslim, believing that an endless quest for truth about the natural world brought him closer to God. Sometime around the dawn of the 11th Century, he moved to Cairo in Egypt. It was here that he would complete his most influential work.

The prevailing wisdom at the time was that we saw what our eyes, themselves illuminated. Supported by revered thinkers like Euclid and Ptolemy, Emission theory stated that sight worked because our eyes emitted rays of light — like flashlights. But this didn’t make sense to Ibn al-Haytham. If light comes from our eyes, why, he wondered, is it painful to look at the sun? This simple realization catapulted him into researching the behavior and properties of light: optics.

In 1011, Ibn al-Haytham was placed under house arrest by a powerful caliph in Cairo. Though unwelcome, the seclusion was just what he needed to explore the nature of light. Over the next decade, Ibn al-Haytham proved that light only travels in straight lines, explained how mirrors work, and argued that light rays can bend when moving through different mediums, like water, for example.

But Ibn al-Haytham wasn’t satisfied with elucidating these theories only to himself, he wanted others to see what he had done. The years of solitary work culminated in his Book of Optics, which expounded just as much upon his methods as it did his actual ideas. Anyone who read the book would have instructions on how to repeat every single one of Ibn al-Haytham’s experiments.

“His message is, “Don’t take my word for it. See for yourself,” Jim Al-Khalili, a professor of theoretical physics at the University of Surrey noted in a BBC4 Special.

“This, for me, is the moment that Science, itself is summoned into existence and becomes a discipline in its own right,” he added.

Apart from being one of the first to operate on the scientific method, Ibn al-Haytham was also a progenitor of critical thinking and skepticism.

"The duty of the man who investigates the writings of scientists, if learning the truth is his goal, is to make himself an enemy of all that he reads, and,.. attack it from every side," he wrote. "He should also suspect himself as he performs his critical examination of it, so that he may avoid falling into either prejudice or leniency."

It is the nature of the scientific enterprise to creep ahead, slowly but surely. In the same way, the scientific method that guides it was not birthed in a grand eureka moment, but slowly tinkered with and notched together over generations, until it resembled the machine of discovery that we use today. Ibn al-Haytham may very well have been the first to lay out the cogs and gears. Hundreds of years later, other great thinkers would assemble them into a finished product.

But okay, keep putting poc in the backburner/ as background characters / misrepresent/underrepresent them when it comes to Science when the very scientific method was created by a poc.






white male: *oppresses you*

white male: *steals your lands, livelihood, kills your people and complains about discrimination when you need a non white male space after all the damage done*

white male: *over-represents others as bad while himself as good and wholesome*

white male: *shoots up your schools and doesn’t get generalizations for it*

white male: *does all the drugs more than everyone else but doesn’t get negative connotations for it*

white male: *kills whoever they find threatening and doesn’t get shit for it*

white male: *forms white supremacist groups while still holding power over everyone else*

poc: isn’t that white privilege?


Yes. Because ALL white males are like this! ALL white males have killed people, and stole your land.

YES THERE ARE WHITE MALES LIKE THIS. There is no denying that. And White Males have been the most privileged through history.

But as a strong feminist, who believes everyone should be equal, and has mostly white male friends WHO FIGHT WITH HER AND PROTECT HER FROM OTHER INDIVIDUALS WITH BAD INTENTIONS; I do not like it when my best friends have to read things that make them out to be the villain, when they have done nothing wrong.

Stop generalizing about a type of person. It makes us no better than those who truly oppress us. Which is really the racist, sexist, homophobic, douchebags in the world. (Which can be any race, gender, or nationality)

Aries - In the car on a bad day

You really just reblogged my post as a text so you can regurgitate the shit ignorant white folks spew all day about reverse discrimination and reverse racism whenever someone generalizes them the way they generalize other people? You really think calling yourself a feminist means something when you’re derailing the point some one was making on racial issues to silence them or police their attitudes towards their oppressors? That’s some white feminist bullshit. and no one makes them out to be shit, they do that all by their goddamnd self. If people grown not to trust or like em it’s for our survival.

man get ya kumbaya “the world has changed so stop bein mean to whites” mentality and keep it miles away from me and my posts.

Yes. Because ALL white males are like this! ALL white males have killed people, and stole your land.

YES THERE ARE WHITE MALES LIKE THIS. There is no denying that. And White Males have been the most privileged through history.

that’s where your comment shoulda ended

She wasn’t mean or inconceited at all in her post. All she said was stop acting like the white racists and bigots you seem to dislike so much. Racism will not stop until you learn to forgive and forget. No black person today should be angry or demanding reparations for Slavery, because none of them were alive when it happened. Be mad at individuals, not a whole group, or you’re just a hypocrite. 

incredible, look at how they manage to remove the connections between past, present, and future all to make sure the wholesomeness of white men is preserved above all else even black people’s pain from slavery and the results and psychological+physical hurt they get from it today.

look at how they’ll battle you tooth and nail over all of these other issues mentioned and for what? to make sure the image of white male is never smeared. even if it means normalizing something as disgusting and gruesome like the genocide that happened during slavery and the slavery that continues today under the prison industrial complex.

I don’t give a fuck if a person isn’t mean about their ignorance. Don’t tell me where to exert my anger, how to do it, when to do it and to whom. Don’t ignore power structures and say wild shit like “be mad at individuals not whole groups” even though without whole groups you wouldn’t have whole power structures like the type that consists for white people and white male specifically. Don’t tell me to ignore the very shit I’m affected by and the very shit that stomps my growth as human just to comfort the feelings of those white male whom this doesn’t apply to cause I aint got that type of time. fuck your white feelings.


On the subject of food waste, there’s this to chew on:

A new film, Just Eat It: A Food Waste Story, may be worth adding to your to-watch list. (See recently released trailer above.)

The film’s Web site says:

We all love food. As a society, we devour countless cooking shows, culinary magazines and foodie blogs. So how could we possibly be throwing nearly 50% of it in the trash?

Filmmakers and food lovers Jen and Grant dive into the issue of waste from farm, through retail, all the way to the back of their own fridge. After catching a glimpse of the billions of dollars of good food that is tossed each year in North America, they pledge to quit grocery shopping cold turkey and survive only on foods that would otherwise be thrown away. In a nation where one in 10 people is food insecure, the images they capture of squandered groceries are both shocking and strangely compelling. But as Grant’s addictive personality turns full tilt towards food rescue, the ‘thrill of the find’ has unexpected consequences.

Featuring interviews with TED lecturer Tristram Stewart and acclaimed author Jonathan Bloom, Just Eat It looks at our systemic obsession with expiry dates, perfect produce and portion sizes, and reveals the core of this seemingly insignificant issue that is having devastating consequences around the globe. Just Eat It brings farmers, retailers, inspiring organizations, and consumers to the table in a cinematic story that is equal parts education and delicious entertainment.

Just Eat It will premiere in Toronto in April 2014.

(trailer by Grant Baldwin Videography)